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Environmental Studies and the 'New' Geography
Timothy Norris (Univ. of California, Santa Cruz) speaks on environmental studies and the "new" geography: private conservation, tourism and mining in Peru.
With growing recognition that a global ecological crisis looms there is a renewed interest in examining the relationship between humans and the environment. As part of this change conservation efforts have shifted from the domain of governments towards the private sector and from a principle of preservation to one of conservation of biodiversity in productive landscapes. This presentation examines the impacts of this transition through a comparative study of how private conservation frameworks and practices have emerged and evolved across ten communities in the Cordillera Huayhuash, a mineral and biodiversity rich mountain range located in the Peruvian Andes. Attention is focused on how both tourism and mining influence local environmental conditions and institutional outcomes across the range. The findings raise difficult questions about how to implement market-based conservation efforts on communal lands in resource extraction zones, yet the methods and results can be broadly applied to practical environmental problems encountered both in the United States and elsewhere across the globe.