04-05 PsycSMP Showcase
What kinds of projects have our SMP students done?
Prospective PsycSMPs: A past student may have suggested a path for future research that you would like to follow!
Students can visit the College Archives (Calvert 009-ground floor) to read or view past St. Mary's Projects Mondays and Thursdays from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. (appointments recommended).
Access to a full SMP can depend on how a student completed a release form, but most SMPs can be read or viewed in the College Archives without restriction.
Electronic copies of SMPs are usually provided to faculty and staff upon request, but students are provided electronic copies of SMPs only with the permission of a faculty member.
Hawes, R. (May, 2005). The self-fulfilling prophecy in college athletics.
Mentor: Dr. Cynthia Koenig
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the psychological cue of confidence on the second and fourth stages of the self-fulfilling prophecy by demonstrating that a coach's impression of athlete confidence predicts coach behavior and athlete performance. This hypothesis was tested with one coach and 13 Division III collegiate swim team participants. Midseason, the coach completed an overall expectancy rating and a trait sport confidence scale for each participating athlete. At the end of the season, athletes completed a measure assessing the frequency of specific coaching behaviors, and a trait sport confidence inventory. Performance information including percent of improvement over the season and percentile rank among participating athletes at a conference championship were collected. Step-wise linear regressions showed that the coach's perception of the athletes' confidence was the strongest predictor of athlete recall of positive and negative coaching behaviors such that as the coach's confidence impression increased, the athletes' recall of positive interactions with the coach increased and recall of negative interactions with the coach decreased. A step-wise linear regression also showed that the coach's overall expectation for athletes was the strongest predictor of percentile rank at the championships, and that this relationship was positive. Implications of the research for coaches and athletes and directions for future research are discussed