The notion of Latin America arose from experiences of colonialism and postcolonialism, and as such, is a notion that has been invented and reinvented from the outside and also from within. This course examines those inventions and reinventions in creative expressions and social actions from the independence wars of the nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. Special consideration will be given to particular national discourses, especially in relation to race, class, gender, anti-colonialism, and revolution, and to the concept of modernity in Latin America that is problematized by highly uneven social and economic development. May be repeated for credit with permission of the instructor. Prerequisite: ILCS 206, ILCS 260, or consent of the instructor.