Falsification involves misrepresentation in an academic exercise. Misrepresentation includes, but is not limited to:
- Falsely attributing data or judgments to scholarly sources.
- Falsely reporting the results of calculations or the output of computer programs, or materials from other electronic sources.
- Presenting copied, falsified, or improperly obtained data as if it were the result of laboratory work, field trips, or other investigatory work.